Trends in Program Budgeting, Budget Openness, Climate Change Responsive PFM, and Health Sector PFM: Key Takeaways from the PEMPAL BCOP 2023 Plenary Meeting

Government budgets across the world are under increasing pressure amid the interlinked global crises, fiscal stress, and demands for more effective public services and more open budgeting.

The BCOP 2023 Annual Plenary Meeting, held in Ljubljana on March 22-24, 2023, examined the current trends and directions of different issues related to public spending effectiveness and accountability. This includes program and performance budgeting, budget openness, climate change responsive PFM, and PFM in the health sector.

This knowledge product outlines the key takeaways on measures for improving the effectiveness and openness of public spending based on the presentations and discussions from this event.